JEONBUK Food Culture Plaza
 
   
 The Characteristics
of Korean Foods
 Overview on Food
History
 Table-setting in
Korean foods
 Understanding Traditional Foods
 
Overview on Food History
                jeonbuk Ethnic Foods

Our food culture has evolved and developed based not only on agriculture adapted to our natural environment, but also on the social environment comprising politics, economy and religion. Starting with the basic human activities of hunting, gathering and fishing in the primitive age, early Koreans learned to cultivate miscellaneous grains from the middle of the New Stone Age. Later in the Bronze Age, cultivation techniques for beans and rice were introduced. Beginning in the 4th century B.C. the introduction of iron farming tools via trade with China brought about the coexistence of primitive food-seeking activities and the cultivation of grains. The grain-based food culture has been well established since the Three Kingdoms Era. Diverse food styles were developed with the use of cultivated rice as the main staple food, but the styles were influenced by additional factors, i.e., social changes, cultivation technology, cooking and processing techniques, and influxes of foreign food culture. A more rapid change in food culture is being made nowadays than ever in response to the rapid growth in industry and information technology in an intimately interlacing global community.
 <Stages of Korean Food Culture Development>
 <Stages of Korean Food Culture Development>
Stage
Era
Characteristics
1
Prehistoric Old Stone Age
Foods secured by hunting, fishing, and gathering
New Stone Age Beginning of agriculture and rice cultivation
2
Tribal Nation Era (before Three Kingdoms Era) Establishment of agricultural society
3
Three Kingdoms Era and Unified Shilla Social Stratification in food culture
Formation and propagation of food culture (distinction in main and subsidiary foods)
4
Koryo Dynasty Era Early years Table-setting basics formed
Meat food consumption refrained, vegetables utilized,, Korean teas and candies developed
After middle years Meat foods popular due to Mongolian Occupation
5
Chosun Dyansty Early Food norm established
Later Southern food culture inflow
Korean food style established
6
Enlightenment Age Western food culture influx
7
Japanese Occupation Severe food shortage
Stagnation in food culture
8
Modern Times Liberation -1960's Dependence on foreign food aid
1970's-1980's Food production increase
Food situation improved
1990's-present Internationalization and globalization in food culture
Health-oriented diets
 
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